Samantha Forde

Current Position: Assistant Professor, adjunct. University of California, Santa Cruz. Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.

Contact Information



B.A. University of California, Santa Barbara
Ph.D. University of California, Santa Cruz (2002)
Post-Doc, Stanford University
Post-Doc, University of California, Santa Cruz

Research Interests

I am interested in answering questions about the ecological and evolutionary mechanisms that structure communities. I use mathematical models, laboratory model systems, and field experiments to understand how communities are structured and under what conditions certain processes, such as species interactions or environmental variability, are important to community dynamics. For example, I have used both modeling and experiments to investigate how variability in immigration into a community influences direct and indirect species interactions, as well as community structure and diversity. I am also testing questions about the ecological and evolutionary processes that maintain the coexistence of competitors and how the interplay of spatial variability and dispersal influence coevolution and diversification of hosts and parasitoids.

Selected Publications

S.E. Forde and P.T. Raimondi. 2004. An experimental test of the effects of recruitment intensity on intertidalcommunity composition. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 301(1) 1-14.

S.E. Forde and D.F. Doak. 2004. Multitrophic interactions mediate recruitment variability in a rocky intertidal community. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 275: 33-45.

S.E. Forde. 2002. Modeling the effects of an oil spill on open populations of intertidal invertebrates. Journal of Applied Ecology 39 (4) 595-604.

S.E. Forde. 2000. Adaptation of barnacle life history traits to mortality due to oil spills. In Dynamic state variable models in ecology. C.W. Clark and M.Mangel, eds. Oxford University Press.

P.T. Raimondi,  S.E. Forde, C.M. Lively and L. Delph. 2000. Processes structuring communities: evidence for trait-mediated indirect effects through an induced polymorphism. Oikos, 91(2) 353-361.